Sweet and bursting with flavor, freshly harvested peas are one
of the first treats from the spring garden. Peas are a cool-weather crop;
plant seeds as soon as the garden has
thawed and the soil can be worked. In regions with hot summers, pea plants
begin to falter in the heat; plant a
second crop in late summer for a fall harvest.
English peas, also called garden peas, have tough pods; they're
"shelled" (removed from their pods) before eating. Edible-podded
pea types, including snow peas and snap peas, have tender pods and can
be eaten whole, pod and all.
1. Prepare. As soon
as the soil has thawed and dried enough to be worked, loosen it to
a depth of 8 to 10 inches using a shovel or tiller. Then rake
the soil smooth, removing any large clumps and rocks.
2. Plant. Use a
hoe to create a shallow furrow, then sow peas seeds
about an inch deep and 4 inches apart. Cover seed with soil and press
gently. Set up a trellis for vining varieties at planting time.
3. Grow. When seedlings
are 2 or 3 inches tall, thin them by removing extra plants, using the small
leaves in salads. Thin to one plant every 4 inches for leaf lettuce varieties,
every 12 inches for head lettuces. Keep seedbed moist until lettuce germinates. Apply a layer
of organic mulch, such as straw, to conserve moisture and keep soil cool. Pull
weeds that sprout nearby.
4. Enjoy. Harvest English
peas when pods are filled out but before they begin to turn yellow.
Harvest snowpeas when the pods are tender and the peas inside are still
undeveloped. Harvest snap peas when the pods are plump and
crisp. Picking peas every day will encourage the plants to continue producing.
Enjoy sweet English peas fresh
or lightly steamed. Edible-podded pea types, including snow peas and snap peas,
have tender pods and can be eaten fresh, steamed, and in stir-fries.
Garden Seed Association (HGSA) |
P.O. Box 93, Maxwell, CA 95955 |
Phone (530) 438-2126 |
AT A GLANCE
Planting time: 2 to 3 weeks before
last spring frost.
Planting depth: 1 inch deep
Spacing in row:
4 inches apart.
Time to harvest : 55 to 70 days,
depending on variety.
Peas grow well in containers; provide vining types with a trellis or other